Species group: Toy Group dogs
Other name(s): Pom; Deutsche Spitze; Zwergspitz; Dwarf Spitz
The beautiful Pomeranian is an attractive toy breed who loves being adored and carried around. A type of German Spitz, this active yet fluffy dog is a real charmer who looks born to snuggle up against a princess. Many people would be amazed to learn that the original Pom was a much larger working dog, probably from Iceland or Lapland, that originally pulled sleds or herded livestock. Over the years, its good health, beautiful appearance, and high intelligence encouraged breeders to develop the Pom into a small, endearing companion that has become one of the world's favorite breeds.
Today, the typical Pomeranian weighs between three and seven pounds. You may see smaller Poms advertised, often referred to as Tiny or Teacup. However, these dogs may suffer from significant genetic health problems and shorter lifespans, so most ethical breeders advise against choosing these very tiny lines.
Appearance / health:
The Pomeranian is a compact, active dog. Beneath the Pomeranian's fur is a small but muscular dog, similar in appearance to a Chihuahua. It is no longer than it is tall. The head is wedge-shaped and foxy in appearance. The ears are small and set high. The heavily plumed tail, which is characteristic of the breed, is turned over the back and lies flat.
The Pomeranian requires daily grooming. Damp brushing the long coat necessary to avoid matting. It sheds its soft undercoat once or twice a year, however, it continuously sheds the outer coat. The long coat may infrequently need a trim to even it out. A Pom needs to be bathed seasonally: too frequent bathing can damage the skin by removing essential oils. Regular cleaning of the eyes, ears, and nose, and toenail clipping is strongly recommended. Pomeranians are also prone to teeth problems, and it is recommended that their teeth be brushed at least once a week. Dental treats can help maintain oral health as well.
Although the Pom has such a high energy level and is active most of the day, a daily walk is still recommended for the physical and psychological health of the dog.
Pomeranians are generally healthy and suffer from fewer health problems than many small breeds. The most common ailment is "luxating patella" (loose kneecaps). Legg-Calve-Perthes (a type of hip dysplasia), congenital heart defects and collapsing tracheas are some serious problems seen in Poms. Dislocation of joints and broken bones easily occur in toy-sized dogs. Therefore, it is important to discourage the dogs from jumping off of furniture or laps and out of someone’s arms while they are still young.
Behavior / temperament:
Pomeranians are lively and energetic little dogs that are very loyal to their families. They love to be carried about and petted (this is the breed of dog frequently seen being carried about by celebrities.) Their alert nature makes them superb watchdogs, as they tend to bark at the slightest sound. They are restless by nature: the Pom is very quick to scoot about and hate to stand in one place for long.
Of primary importance is for the to dog know that the owner is the boss, otherwise, training may be a challenge! This breed is very intelligent, and has a strong desire to please their owners. With enough patience, dedication, and kindness, Pomeranians can become obedient, well-behaved dogs. Pomeranians, and several other toy breeds, are difficult to housebreak. Therefore, they should not be allowed to roam freely in the house until they are several months old.
Due to their alert nature, Pomeranians are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound. Frequent and high-pitched barking and can be viewed a nuisance by people...and their neighbors.
beautiful coats, absolute flirt, cuddle, little dancing queen, outgoing little personality, smart
yappy little dogs, hot weather, tooth cleaning, regular brushing, nippy, bit high strung, barking problem
wonderful therapy dog, moderate energy level, fluffy coat, chickmagnet, double coat
Energetic, social, perfectly travel sized little buddies
My pom is my best friend, and she is completely dedicated to me, even though I'm actually her third owner. I've had her for 5 years now, and though she's around 10 years old, most people assume she's very young. She's spunky, and has never grown tired of meeting new people, though we've met thousands in our journeys together. She's great in the car and loves to go new places. Her small size makes her easy and unobtrusive to bring to places like friends or family's houses, and she gets along well with almost everyone immediately. Sometimes she can be a little stand-offish around men until she gets to know them, but some men she has met and loved. I feel like a lot of poms I have met are a little bit like this. She did snap once at my 4 year old nephew, when they had first met each other and he was being especially annoying around her face. Once she got to know him better, and they both learned a little bit more about acceptable behavior, she has been much more relaxed around him. A bit of praise goes a long way with Pippin-- she loves to please, but she's also extremely food motivated too. Her energy is practically boundless, but at home she is content to chill on her bed or hang out nearby while I'm doing something. She is calm when the mood is calm, but always ready and extremely excited at any mention of a walk. We have been working on learning agility together and she learns well with very gentle coaching. She definitely is sensitive to any harsh words, and will shut down quickly if any harsh words or too many corrections are used. Her coat is a job in itself, though not the worst, she does shed pretty much constantly on everything and leaves little tumbleweeds in the house. She needs lots of brushing, and it's a good idea to learn how to at least trim up parts like feet and pants, because they get scruffy looking quick. She has always been very dog reactive, no matter how many dogs she meets. Once she gets to know the dog, she's content to leave them be, but any dog on a leash or on the other side of a fence she barks incessantly at, and if she can she will rush at them headlong. I have met other poms that are totally chill around other dogs, though. Just about all of them have a fondness for barking. :).
From Lauren Duke Dec 21 2017 2:57AM
Good for combatting certain types of bacteria
Cefazolin is a 1st generation Cephalosporin. While it does well against many gram positive bacteria (typically those with an uncovered, thick outer wall around the cell), it is very ineffective against gram negative bacteria (those with a thin wall that is protected by an extra membrane). While it does not cover everything, Cefazolin is easier on the body than many other antibiotics. For this reason, it is often used as a preoperative prophylaxis, given in IV fluids prior to surgery. Though its usefulness starts to diminish when dealing with "evolutionarily younger" bacteria, which are usually either gram negative or are developing resistances to certain classes of antibiotics, it remains a regularly used staple in the vet med world. It is commonly used for pneumonia, sepsis, certain bladder and urinary tract infections, or in conjunction with antibiotics that target gram negative bacteria to achieve as broad of a spectrum of treatment as possible in an unidentified infection..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech 124 days ago
Positive Reinforcement is great for obedience training. I've used it to teach my dogs a wide range of skills, including the basics of Sit/Stay, Come, and Down.
As a professional trainer, I used positive reinforcement in all of my private and group classes for basic obedience. It's very effective and doesn't risk damaging your dog or his trust, as punishment sometimes does. Highly reccomended!.
From TricksForTreats 120 days ago
Oak Ridge, NJ
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