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Is the Pomeranian right for you?

Species group:

Other name(s): Pom; Deutsche Spitze; Zwergspitz; Dwarf Spitz

The basics:
The beautiful Pomeranian is an attractive toy breed who loves being adored and carried around. A type of German Spitz, this active yet fluffy dog is a real charmer who looks born to snuggle up against a princess. Many people would be amazed to learn that the original Pom was a much larger working dog, probably from Iceland or Lapland, that originally pulled sleds or herded livestock. Over the years, its good health, beautiful appearance, and high intelligence encouraged breeders to develop the Pom into a small, endearing companion that has become one of the world's favorite breeds.

Today, the typical Pomeranian weighs between three and seven pounds. You may see smaller Poms advertised, often referred to as Tiny or Teacup. However, these dogs may suffer from significant genetic health problems and shorter lifespans, so most ethical breeders advise against choosing these very tiny lines.

Appearance / health:
The Pomeranian is a compact, active dog. Beneath the Pomeranian's fur is a small but muscular dog, similar in appearance to a Chihuahua. It is no longer than it is tall. The head is wedge-shaped and foxy in appearance. The ears are small and set high. The heavily plumed tail, which is characteristic of the breed, is turned over the back and lies flat.

The Pomeranian requires daily grooming. Damp brushing the long coat necessary to avoid matting. It sheds its soft undercoat once or twice a year, however, it continuously sheds the outer coat. The long coat may infrequently need a trim to even it out. A Pom needs to be bathed seasonally: too frequent bathing can damage the skin by removing essential oils. Regular cleaning of the eyes, ears, and nose, and toenail clipping is strongly recommended. Pomeranians are also prone to teeth problems, and it is recommended that their teeth be brushed at least once a week. Dental treats can help maintain oral health as well.

Although the Pom has such a high energy level and is active most of the day, a daily walk is still recommended for the physical and psychological health of the dog.

Pomeranians are generally healthy and suffer from fewer health problems than many small breeds. The most common ailment is "luxating patella" (loose kneecaps). Legg-Calve-Perthes (a type of hip dysplasia), congenital heart defects and collapsing tracheas are some serious problems seen in Poms. Dislocation of joints and broken bones easily occur in toy-sized dogs. Therefore, it is important to discourage the dogs from jumping off of furniture or laps and out of someone’s arms while they are still young.

Behavior / temperament:
Pomeranians are lively and energetic little dogs that are very loyal to their families. They love to be carried about and petted (this is the breed of dog frequently seen being carried about by celebrities.) Their alert nature makes them superb watchdogs, as they tend to bark at the slightest sound. They are restless by nature: the Pom is very quick to scoot about and hate to stand in one place for long.

Of primary importance is for the to dog know that the owner is the boss, otherwise, training may be a challenge! This breed is very intelligent, and has a strong desire to please their owners. With enough patience, dedication, and kindness, Pomeranians can become obedient, well-behaved dogs. Pomeranians, and several other toy breeds, are difficult to housebreak. Therefore, they should not be allowed to roam freely in the house until they are several months old.

Due to their alert nature, Pomeranians are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound. Frequent and high-pitched barking and can be viewed a nuisance by people...and their neighbors.


beautiful coats, absolute flirt, cuddle, little dancing queen, outgoing little personality, smart


yappy little dogs, hot weather, tooth cleaning, regular brushing, nippy, bit high strung, barking problem


wonderful therapy dog, moderate energy level, fluffy coat, chickmagnet, double coat

Helpful Pomeranian Review


From Lauren Duke Dec 21 2017 2:57AM


From shelters/rescues




Oak Ridge, NJ


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