Species group: Toy Group dogs
Among the oldest of all dog breeds, the adorable Maltese supposedly had actual tombs erected in its honor by the ancient Greeks. Probably originally from the Mediterranean island of Malta, this silky toy looks like it was born to be a pampered pet. They do have some health challenges, but don't expect this dog to be happy sitting alone on a cushion. They want to participate in family life. Like other toy breeds, the Maltese is bold all out of proportion to its size, and it won't hesitate to speak up if it sees a potential threat. You need to provide proper training so that these little cuties don't become problem barkers.
The original Maltese was probably a Spitz-like dog. Italian breeders introduced some Poodles and Miniature Spaniels into the mix, creating the modern Maltese. With that blend in its DNA, you can expect an intelligent, alert pet that responds well to training. Their charming character makes them easy to spoil, so be careful you're the one training the dog-- instead of the dog training you.
Appearance / health:
The Maltese is a small but sturdy fine-bonded dog. Their height from the ground to their withers should equal their length from their withers to their tail. The head is of medium length, skull slightly rounded and proportionate to the rest of the body; ears are feathered heavily, long (pendant), and set low on the head; eyes are dark and round with an alert expression and have black; muzzle should be one-third (1/3) the length of the head, tapered, and have a moderate stop; the nose should be black; the teeth should meet in scissors (or even) bite. The tail is long-haired and feathered and is carried high and draped over the back. The coat is single, about 8 ½” long, and hangs straight to the ground on each side of a center part down the spine; there is no undercoat and the coat should be of sufficient quantity and length to give the Maltese a look of “floating” on a sea of which hair.
The Maltese is virtually a non-shedder; that is not to say that they keep every hair they were born with – all haired creatures shed – but the Maltese is an extremely minimal shedder because the dead hair must be plucked or brushed out. Failure to daily remove the dead hair will result in significant mats and tangles.
The Maltese has high and rigorous grooming needs. It must be bathed frequently and combed and brushed daily, without fail, to keep the coat clean and free of tangles. Ideally, the hair should part down the center of the back and fall down each side of the part. The long hair on the head is often gathered into a topknot and tied with a ribbon or small clip made especially for small, long-haired dogs. The hair between the toes should be trimmed no less than twice monthly to prevent painful matting.
It is common for the Maltese to have tear staining because of their excessively watering eyes. This watering turns the hair around the eyes and down the nose a dark brownish-black color.
The exercise requirements of the Maltese are minimal. Because of their diminutive size, they can easily get all the exercise they need by running around in the house or apartment, but this does not replace a dog’s inborn need to walk. Accordingly, they do enjoy a short daily walk and this (along with a proper diet) is sufficient to prevent obesity. Do not begin any long-distance walking with them until they are at least eight or nine months old.
The Maltese is, overall, a healthy breed that does not typically suffer from any major health issues. Some are prone to respiratory issues (brought on by exposure to dampness), skin problems, and eye problems. Including dry dog food and appropriately sized canine teething biscuits, as a part of their regular diet, will help avoid issues with their teeth. However, because of their size and hair, there are a few issues to watch out for, including: luxating patella, slipped stifle, hypoglycemia, sunburn along the part in their hair on the back, chemical sensitivity to shampoos/conditioners, chills, and discomfort in hot weather or dampness (paper or litter box training is beneficial so that they do not have to go outdoors in inclement weather).
It is not uncommon for a Maltese, like most very small dogs, to have an open fontanel which will sometimes be accompanied by hydrocephalus. Additionally, there is a marginally uncommon disorder that can affect the Maltese, known as “White Shaker-Dog Syndrome.” This condition is most commonly seen in small white dogs and it causes and all-over trembling which may create difficulty in walking; this disorder develops during adolescence or adulthood and is very treatable with medication.
Lastly, there is no such thing as a “teacup” Maltese. The Maltese that are advertised as “teacup” are simply the very tiny runt of the litters that unscrupulous puppy mills and backyard breeders tout as being something extra-special. Do not be taken in by the extraordinarily tiny size of these runts as they are often a dog that will suffer health issues all of their lives and ultimately cost you a lot of veterinary expense and, potentially, heartbreak.
Behavior / temperament:
One of the kindest mannered of all the toy breeds, the Maltese is a cheerful, playful loving and affectionate little companion that remains playful well into advanced age. Don’t make the mistake of overprotecting or over-pampering the Maltese as this tends to make many Maltese neurotic as they were never bred to be pampered or protected. Maltese are an energetic and enthusiastic dog that is known for sudden bursts of playfulness, running at break-neck speed all throughout the house or yard. They are faithful, adoring companions who are devoted to their masters, often to the point of frantic barking at, and even nipping of, anyone they take to be a threat to their person.
In many ways, the Maltese is a great big dog trapped in a delicate little body. Maltese require more than the usual amount of time with their owners and can become destructive if ignored or left alone for long periods of time, thus not making them the best choice of breed for busy, on-the-go households.
The Maltese is rated high in learning rate, obedience and problem solving. Other than housetraining, which occasionally seems to be an issue of obstinacy in the breed, the Maltese is a very intelligent dog and easy to train due to their enjoyment of learning whatever their owners wish to teach them. Any training issues that arise in a Maltese can generally be tracked back to being spoiled by their owner.
Proper crate training is very beneficial for the Maltese. Since the Maltese is haughty by nature, it is vitally important to provide a lot of exposure to other people and socialization during their puppyhood, rewarding them with treats for a nice reaction to strangers. Failure to properly socialize and expose them can turn their natural curiosity into shyness and fear aggression. Because they are a vocal breed, early training in when it is and is not appropriate to bark is also a necessity. If sufficiently rewarded, the Maltese is quite good at learning tricks.
Maltese are a bold little dog and, due to their protective nature to protect their owner, they can be quite vocal to the point of becoming nuisance barkers.
adorable lap dog, great family pet, Total love bug, beautiful silky coat, social, affectionate pet
housebroken, Cushings disease, eye stain, potty train, barking, patella luxation
good grooming session, floor length hair
My sweet maltese
I'm going to tell you about my beautiful maltese dog, Blacky. I got her as a gift from my friend when I was 12 years old. My friend had a pair of gorgeous maltese dogs and I got one of their baby dogs as a gift. These dogs are so smart that she barely needed any training, Blacky learned from what her mom did when she was little and she kept what she learned there from her entire life.
She was a black hairy little dog with loose curls, small white boots and a white chest. A tiny black nose and a small pink tongue. When I first got her, she was 4 months old. She cried a lot the first night but I was able to calm her by putting a bunch of stuffed animals in her bed to keep her company.
These dogs like to jump and run a lot, they are excellent hunters. She couldn't see a small animal that she wasn't familiar with because she wouldn't stop barking until the animal went away or she was able to get a hold of it. If she was ever able to catch it, like cats do, she wouldn't kill it, but she would play with it until the animal got tired. She was great with a cat I had and my nephews when they were little.
She didn't eat a lot, but was very picky with what she ate. If I ever tried to trick her into eating something she didn't like, Blacky would eat everything in the plate and leave exactly what you hid in the plate untouched. Also, she didn't like her food dry, I had to moist it in chicken soup or something else for her to eat it.
As a guardian, yes, she was awesome. For her size, she wasn't the kind of pet that would be able to protect you, but for sure she would never allow you to be caught of guard, she would bark and bark and bark at the visit and would not stop until she made sure you invited them to take a sit, meaning you were comfortable. Then, she would lay down with her face to the visit watching their every move. She wasn't the kind of dog who would attack a person unless I ordered her or unless she heard me scream for a reason.
About her relationship with other dogs, she was the kind of dog who would bark at any dog passing by and then would hide behind me if they came near, I learned later how to educate her to walk quietly.
She was the sweetest dog you can imagine. We became the best of friends and she was so loyal that if I was sad she would jump on my lap and stayed there with me until I wasn't sad anymore.
It was really funny, she even got to a point where, since she was very loyal to me, she would sleep at the foot of my bed and if I was resting, no one was allowed to wake me up and if anyone tried to wake me she would growl at them.
Also, she was a little proud, if anyone did to her anything she didn't like she would then pee next to their bed as a statement, she would never bite anyone from the family, but she would get her revenge that way. Then I had to clean.
She loved being hugged, pet or having her belly rubbed. I needed to be very careful with her ears, though, since they are prompt to getting infections if you get them wet while bathing the dog and you don't dry them properly. I also needed to be careful to brush her hair and trimm her nails. Her hair gets a lot of loops in the posterior legs and the nails grow and make it difficult for them to run in a slippery floor if I didn't take proper care. She loved being bathed and she had the most of fun running to catch the water falling from the water hose in summer.
Unfortunately, she passed away after an accident when she was only 8 years old. I had to be extremely careful when opening the door since she loved going out on her own. But definitely, she was the best friend and the next dog I get will certainly get a maltese again.
The maltese in the photo is not my Blacky, but looks a lot like her..
From puppycuteness Aug 8 2015 6:25PM
The way your dog's body was meant to be fed
There are so many misconceptions about raw feeding and I hope to quickly properly educate you so making an opinion for yourself is easier. I am a certified nutritionist for dogs and cats and the moment I finished my education I knew I needed to make better choices for my own personal dogs in regards to how I fed them. There are pros and cons to any feeding method so I cannot say it's going to be easy to know exactly what choices to make. The doubtful mind always says no, so anyone unfamiliar with anything is always hesitant. I see that a lot with other professionals in the field, specifically veterinarians. I am fortunate to have an integrative veterinarian who 100% supports this feeding method. Lets talk about the pros as there are many. There is no possible way to dispute that a dog's (especially cats) digestive system and teeth are designed for a diet of animal tissue, they are carnivores. Having jagged teeth throughout their mouth and a very short digestive tract, their bodies are not equipped to properly process plant material. Think of a cow's or sheep's flat teeth, made for grinding plants, and their 4 chambered stomachs, made to digest and assimilate nutrients from plants. They are herbivores. Feeding a diet of dry dog food, which is very heavy in plant based ingredients of many varieties,synthetic vitamins, and taste additives reeks havoc on their entire body systems over time. Some say feeding raw is expensive and time consuming. I'm part of a group with thousands and thousands of raw feeders around the world and we completely disagree. If you can follow a simple recipe you can make raw food for your pet. Learning how to shop for ingredients on sale and making relationships with local butchers is all you need to make it affordable. I feed two dogs raw cheaper than I wold purchasing an average quality dry food. It CAN be done if your pet's lifetime of health is important to you. There are so many support systems out there for this approach, it truly couldn't be any easier. The shelf life of raw food is far longer than that of dry food. Did you know that the nutrients and quality of dry food diminishes with the passing of each day? My dog's food is kept in a deep freezer and put in the refrigerator for thawing each night, ready for the next day. Freezing locks in all nutrients and can be kept for years without spoiling. Does your dog suffer from chronic conditions like ear infections and skin issues? Did you ever think it could be food related? Well let me tell you that it is. I have assisted with completely eradicating a host of chronic health issues in dogs and cats with diet alone. To most recently include a chihuahua with disc disease and no use of his hind legs. He now climbs steps and runs. He is 12 years old. No other therapy than a raw diet, regular massage, and one veterinary acupuncture visit. Let's talk about the cons. Now, most freeze dried and premade raw can be expensive for the amount you get. Feeding freeze dried is mostly for convenience. I use it when I need convenience like a weekend camping trip. I enjoy making my dog's food. There a lot of satisfaction in it for me. There is so much talk about bacteria like salmonella and e.coli when someone references raw food. Can it be present in raw food? Of course! But, did you know that your dry food can and does have the same bacteria? Dry and canned pet food recalls are a very common for bacteria. I have 100% control over the ingredients, processing, and storing of my pets raw food. Proper handling and sourcing of raw ingredients can and does deeply diminish the probability of bacteria. What about parasites? Again, yes of course raw materials can have parasites. As can dry and canned mass produced pet food. And again, the proper handling and sourcing of these ingredients remove this concern. (As a note: I have been raw feeding for over 5 years and NOT ONE of my dogs or clients have been treated for parasites or bacterial issues) Proper formulation can be a con to raw feeding. Honestly, its ridiculously easy. But without the proper ratio of ingredients you can cause issues. Companies make you think it is hard. They want to make you buy their product. It's a marketing scheme that works and unfortunately affects our pets negatively. I hope this review can shed light into the seemingly scary world of raw feeding. Educate yourselves and don't be afraid to jump in head first. Your pet's health and quality of life will be all the proof you need to know this is without a doubt the best decision you have ever made. .
From Megan S 58 days ago
behavior training tool
All dogs need to learn how to behave and a great "brain-break" and self soothing tool to use between activities or for crate training is a kong. Filled with a treat or small bit of peanut butter, this activity can provide the dog with a reward sensation as well as a much needed chewing activity for "down time" between trainings. We have utilized this with many of our breeds but huskies can be downright destructive to any material, so use of the kong is fabulous (while supervised) once the husky reaches maturity. As puppies are constantly teething and learning what is THEIRS and what is yours, kongs are a wonderful "replacement" tool for your couch, shoes and other destructible items in your home. .
From petlover2 91 days ago
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