Species group: Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): American Cocker Spaniel; Cocker
The happy, eye-catching Cocker Spaniel has a lot to recommend it both to pet owners and exhibitors. Its easy-going personality means that these dogs are particularly attractive to families, including families with multiple pets in the home.
In 1946, the AKC recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as a separate sporting breed from the English Cocker Spaniel, which was originally developed in the Middle Ages to flush woodcock, a game bird. The American Cocker Spaniel is smaller-- indeed, the AKC calls it the smallest breed in the hunting group-- and it boasts a rounder head with a shorter muzzle.
Appearance / health:
The Cocker Spaniel has very long hanging ears, a rounded head, and a medium-length coat. The head is chiseled with an abrupt stop. The muzzle is wide, deep, and broad with a square jaw. The upper lip hangs down, covering the lower jaw completely. The teeth are strong and should meet in a scissors bite. The nose is always black on black dogs, but may be brown on other dogs. The eyes are round, and set on so they look directly forward. The eye rims are slightly oval.
The body is compact with a short back. The top line slopes gently downwards from front to back. The front legs are straight with good bone. The tail is docked to two-fifth of its original length and is carried on a line with its back; it is constantly in motion. This breed is free and merry, sound, and well balanced throughout. In action, it shows a keen inclination to work.
Cocker Spaniels need thorough grooming every day. Some owners prefer to leave the coat long, brushing daily and shampooing frequently, with regular scissoring and clipping. Others prefer to clip the coat to medium length to make it more functional. Either way, the dog requires routine trimming. They also need regular bathing, to clean their skin and minimize odor.
The eyes of the Cocker Spaniel need regular cleaning. Their ears require careful attention, as ear infections often occur due to the restricted airflow; in addition, the long ears usually trail in food bowls—unless specially designed ones are used—and therefore need regular cleaning. Attention must be paid to the lip folds, making sure that they are clean and free from infection. Teeth have to be regularly cleaned. Feet should be checked for matted hair or dried mud. Careful brushing is required to avoid pulling out the silky hair. This breed is an average shedder.
Cockers have plenty of stamina and need regular exercise. They adjust well to apartment living if they are adequately exercised, and are fairly active indoors. A small yard is sufficient for exercising. Walking for 60 to 80 minutes is sufficient.
Some major health concerns in Cocker Spaniels are: cataracts; glaucoma; and patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap).
Some minor concerns include: hip dysplasia (lameness due to deformed hips); ectropion (an outward turning or sagging of the eyelid); entropion (an inward folding of the eyelid, particularly the lower one); allergies; seborrhea (flaking on the face, scalp or trunk); lip fold pyoderma (bacterial infection of the skin); otitis externa (bacterial infection of the external ear canal); liver disease; urolithiasis (crystals / stones in the urine causing acute ureteral obstruction); prolapse of nictitans gland ("flipping out" of the tear gland located behind the third eyelid); phosphofructokinase deficiency (genetic disease preventing glucose metabolism into energy resulting in exercise intolerance; muscle disease and anemia); and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease that impairs the heart's ability to pump blood). Other medical concerns occasionally found among Cocker Spaniels include gastric torsion (twisting of the stomach after gastric distention occurs) and elbow dysplasia.
Immune mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) is relatively common in Cockers, and is almost always fatal. IMHA is an accelerated destruction of red blood cells due to the attachment of immunoglobulin and/or complement to the erythrocyte membrane (red blood cells). It is a common cause of severe anemia and hemolysis (breaking open of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin into the surrounding fluid or plasma) in dogs. It is a fast-acting, silent killer.
Behavior / temperament:
Bold and keen to work, the Cocker Spaniel is equally suited to life as a gundog or as a companion pet. Cheerful, sweet, and sensitive, the Cocker Spaniel is an inseparable friend of children, and respectful of its master's authority without much challenge. Merry and endearing, they are happy tail-waggers. Cockers love, and need, people around to be happy.
They are lively, playful, and devoted, but may require to be socialized well when they are young, to avoid timidity. This breed may be difficult to housebreak. However, it is intelligent and can be easily trained. The Cocker Spaniel’s rate of obedience is high, whereas that of problem solving is low.
Cocker Spaniels are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound, and may bark excessively.
beautiful cocker spaniels, happy nature, great watchdog, perfect gentleman, wonderful cockers
rambunctious children, separation anxiety, Cherry Eye Cocker, common eye condition, mammary tumors
ETHICAL breeder, great apartment dog, pure energy cockers, puppy mill survivors
Halle was a party colored - white and buff - Cocker Spaniel who came to live with us with the intent for being a mommy dog. For some reason, maybe fate to some, she never had pups of her own. She was a great dog, though. She was well adjusted with all the other dogs - and I had nine total - as well as all the cats, chickens, horses, and goats we owned. Hal was there for all of it. Once I brought home a small, practically unweaned kitten. Halle took it upon herself to be her guardian. She sat right next to the kitten and would not let any other pet near the little one. She snuggled up to it and even let it nurse - not realizing she had no food to give that little kitten. "You are a dog, Halle," I reminded her. She looked up as if to say, "The little one needs me!" Greatest dog ever..
From T Lee Feb 14 2019 4:35PM
Good for combatting certain types of bacteria
Cefazolin is a 1st generation Cephalosporin. While it does well against many gram positive bacteria (typically those with an uncovered, thick outer wall around the cell), it is very ineffective against gram negative bacteria (those with a thin wall that is protected by an extra membrane). While it does not cover everything, Cefazolin is easier on the body than many other antibiotics. For this reason, it is often used as a preoperative prophylaxis, given in IV fluids prior to surgery. Though its usefulness starts to diminish when dealing with "evolutionarily younger" bacteria, which are usually either gram negative or are developing resistances to certain classes of antibiotics, it remains a regularly used staple in the vet med world. It is commonly used for pneumonia, sepsis, certain bladder and urinary tract infections, or in conjunction with antibiotics that target gram negative bacteria to achieve as broad of a spectrum of treatment as possible in an unidentified infection..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech 67 days ago
Clicker train your dog to go on command!
The best uses for clicker training, when you are house training, are teaching your dog to do his business on command, and teaching him to alert you that he needs to go outside.
To teach a dog to eliminate on command, it's as simple as clicking when they begin to squat and rewarding them (calmly and quietly; dogs don't really like to be startled in the middle of doing that). When you get to where you can tell they are about to squat, you add the cue by saying "Potty" or "Bathroom" or whatever word you want to use right before they squat, then clicking and rewarding when they do it.
To teach a dog to alert you to his needs, you can hang a bell on the door. Click whenever he touches it and let him outside (in this case, the reward is opening the door).
Clicker training is great for so many things, including house training!.
From TricksForTreats 58 days ago
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