Species group: Unrecognized and Rare Breed dogs
Other name(s): Catahoula Cur; Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog; Catahoula Hog Dog; Catahoula Hound
The spirited Catahoula Leopard Dog is thought to go back to the early days of the Spanish exploration of Louisiana. Probably interbred by native Americans with the Red Wolf, this dominant and high energy breed proved capable of hunting dangerous prey like wild boars as well as herding large animals like cattle. Today, it remains a highly prized hunting companion, and it does best with active, outdoorsy owners who have access to a lot of area for roaming.
The Catahoula Leopard Dog has been recorded with the AKC's Foundation Stock Service since 1996 and honored as the state dog of Louisiana since 1979. When it is fully acknowledged as an official breed by the AKC, it will be assigned to the herding group.
Appearance / health:
Catahoula Leopard dogs are striking in appearance with their characteristic coats. The Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog is a medium to large, short-coated dog with a broad head, small-to-medium drop ears, and an undocked tail set on as a natural extension of the topline. The Catahoula is well muscled and powerful but not bulky, giving the impression of agility and endurance. The skull is broad and flat. The muzzle is deep. When viewed from the top, it tapers toward the nose. The nose can be of any color.
They require little grooming as they are average shedders. Brushing is done once a week. Bathing and shampooing is done when required.
Regular exercise is necessary to keep this dog healthy and happy. The Catahoula Leopard dog should have at least an hour of daily exercise.
Catahoula Leopard Dogs may be prone to deafness and hip dysplasia, a condition marked by badly formed hips that causes lameness. Eye problems can be seen in some dogs.
Behavior / temperament:
Catahoulas are businesslike and take their jobs seriously be it protecting their family members or property. This breed's reservation with strangers may not appear as a pup, but will show as the dog matures. For the right owner, this is a protective yet dominating canine. If these dogs do not get sufficient exercise, they will find other outlets for their energy that can include destructive behavior. Their herding instincts are strong. Several Catahoulas can climb trees.
Dedicated, patient, and firm training is required to train a Catahoula. The learning rate for these dogs is average.
devoted companion, solid working breed, Catahoula Temperment, active family, long distance tracking
fence, hearing problems, strange animals, high prey drive, small family pets, innate dominance
herding dog, powerful square head, rare dog breeds, cow dogs, tree raccoons
Pros and Cons of the amazing Catahoula Leopard Dog
Let me start by voicing my bias then parking it in the corner. This is my favorite dog breed. I have raised or regularly worked with over 30 Catahoulas that serve to show just how marvelous a dog breed can be. And they are absolutely beautiful to boot. Now, with that taken care of, let us proceed. Catahoulas are a working breed. They were selectively bred for function over all else and it has resulted in a physically outstanding breed. They have loads of stamina to continually tackle long tasks given them, which they take to with enjoyment. I have personally seen a Catahoula even run partway up a tree when chasing a raccoon. It was astounding. Being bred for function also has left this breed with a high intelligence and learning capability, allowing them to develop new skills almost seamlessly sometimes. They are known to be protective of family and home, and are noted for being more protective of children than is usually seen in most breeds. Grooming is borderline unnecessary as Catahoulas typically possess a short coat that sheds easily, but most dogs still appreciate the occasional brushing. Catahoulas are a double-edged sword, though. Some of the same traits that make them such remarkable working dogs can make them trying as house pets. Being bred for hunting and herding has left Catahoulas with a heightened prey drive. This is good when tracking game, but not so good when somebody has other small pets. Being high energy, if they are not given at least an hour or two DAILY exercise, they can become anxious and this may trigger in even a very disciplined Catahoula. In addition to this, that very same protective nature that makes them good guard and nanny dogs can make them aggressive towards strangers or those they don't know well, especially when coming into the home or to the door. Their controlled breeding has also resulted in a relatively healthy species with the exception of deafness is dogs that are lighter in color and some instances of hip dysplasia. The deafness can present additional challenges when combating their headstrong during discipline at young ages . To sum this all up, Catahoulas are a beautiful, intelligent, fun, healthy, and protective breed, but absolutely require above average work with early discipline, as well as the most socialization possible in early stages to help make them more comfortable around those not in the family or part of their "pack". And much of their "wild and crazy" reputation usually comes from lack of regular exercise, rather than a problem with the breed. A working needs to work, and a Catahoula is absolutely the rule, not the exception. A magnificent working dog or companion for a high activity household..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech Jan 3 2019 7:20PM
Good for combatting certain types of bacteria
Cefazolin is a 1st generation Cephalosporin. While it does well against many gram positive bacteria (typically those with an uncovered, thick outer wall around the cell), it is very ineffective against gram negative bacteria (those with a thin wall that is protected by an extra membrane). While it does not cover everything, Cefazolin is easier on the body than many other antibiotics. For this reason, it is often used as a preoperative prophylaxis, given in IV fluids prior to surgery. Though its usefulness starts to diminish when dealing with "evolutionarily younger" bacteria, which are usually either gram negative or are developing resistances to certain classes of antibiotics, it remains a regularly used staple in the vet med world. It is commonly used for pneumonia, sepsis, certain bladder and urinary tract infections, or in conjunction with antibiotics that target gram negative bacteria to achieve as broad of a spectrum of treatment as possible in an unidentified infection..
From S Dean - Trainer and Former Vet Tech 34 days ago
Committing to set your dog up for success
Helping your dog to avoid fearful stimuli is simple in theory but can be difficult in practice. How many times has a dog owner with a dog who has a fear of something thought, "just this once, she'll be fine" or "it's only for a minute, I don't have time to avoid this right now"?
Owners must understand that if a dog is fearful of something, that is a real emotion for the animal. The owner might understand that fireworks are harmless or that a small toddler is innocent but for a dog who is afraid, they are simply afraid.
When dogs feel fear, they have the same two options available to all animals: fight or flight. Many, many bites could be avoided if owners understood that the fear their animal feels for a certain stimuli is real and that the animal has one of two options available to them.
Unfortunately, many owners do not take their animals fear seriously until a bite occurs. A dog with wide eyes, who freezes in place, begins to lick their nose, yawns, or lowers their tail/posture are all signs of fear or emotional discomfort that can go unrecognized.
If a toddler or child approaches a dog who begins to lick their nose, avoid eye contact or freeze in place while slowly wagging their tail low they are not ok with being approached by the child. Some days they may be able to handle this if the dog has been mostly free of fear or stress. Somedays the dog may have had too many triggers. (Think of how you feel some days when you didn't get enough sleep, or a mishap occurred at work. When you get home, you may be more likely to snap at your family or have less patience.) The dog doesn't have the ability to remove themselves from the situation- the owner is responsible for that.
Thus, as owners we must respect what our dog is fearful of and do our best to seek out knowledgeable professional help in the way of a behavioral vet or trainer who works with one. Ideally, the dog can overcome the fearful stimuli but in cases where progress is only beginning or the fear is too entrenched it is best to avoid the situations which will cause the dog fear. Dogs always want to please people but it is important to know that they have their own emotions and limitations to how they can react in life.
It is our obligation to return the adoration of our dogs and protect them from fearful stimuli while also working to overcome frightening situations. .
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