If you think the Exotic Longhair looks like a Persian, you’re not wrong; in fact even those with the most practiced eye for identifying cats might have a hard time telling the difference without a DNA test. With their smooshy flat faces, their teddy-bear build, the sweetest of temperaments, and so, so much hair, the Exotic Longhair has most things in common with the Persian cat, but they are not quite a Persian.
The Exotic Longhair is the sometimes-intentional, sometimes-a-surprise result of Exotic Shorthair breeding. The cross is one of American Shorthair and the Persian, and though the original cross was made in an attempt to secretly modify the Persian build, the not-so-secret result was a Persian-type cat with a short coat. Eventually, the Exotic Shorthair achieved recognition for itself as a separate breed, and rather than continue Persian to American Shorthair crossings, they now perused Exotic Shorthair to Exotic Shorthair crossings. The Exotic Longhair is the result of that longhaired Persian gene making itself known from time to time.
Though in appearance the Persian has clearly been the dominant breed, the American Shorthair left a legacy of personality. Persians are known for the placidity, their calm, and their somewhat-sedentary nature. The Exotic Longhair, on the other hand, has inherited some of the life and exuberance of the American Shorthair. The result is an amazingly docile and loving cat with a somewhat higher activity level and need for play. Still, no one’s going to describe the Exotic Shorthair as hyper.
Appearance / health:
The Exotic Longhair has the same build as its shorthaired counterpart: medium-to-large, stocky, heavy-boned, and thick legged; broad in the chest, shoulders and rump. If ever a cat represented the phrase “I’m not fat, I’m fluffy!” it’s the Exotic Longhair. With a round body and short legs, there isn’t much definition to this cat, and when they lie down and tuck their little feet beneath them, they look like little more than a pile of fluff with a face – a cute, cute face.
The head and face of the Exotic Longhair is its most distinct characteristic. The head is quite large, round, and broad, and sits atop a short and thick neck. The face is decidedly round with full, fluffy cheeks. There’s a rounded chin underneath all of that fur. Their snub-nose is extremely short, with an indent between the eyes, and when seen in profile, the forehead, nose, and chin are in vertical alignment. The whisker pads are oblong and downwardly sloping, so that often this longhaired cat appears to have a full, drooping mustache.
The eyes are very large and very round with an almost worried or grumpy expression, and come in a variety of colors, including yellows, to golds, to coppers, and greens and blues in correspondence with certain coat colors. The ears are small with a rounded tip, with lots of hair coming from the inside, often in long tufts. The tail relatively short and thick, full and fluffy, and typically carried low.
The Exotic Longhair is a truly longhaired breed, with soft, flowing fur. Their coat comes in a broad variety of colors and patterns including white, blue, black, red, cream, chocolate, and lilac, plus the more unusual shades of chinchilla: silver, gold, blue. They may come in patterns of solid, shaded, smoke, tabby, calico, particolor, or bicolor. The pointed patterns of the Himalayan are also possible.
As a brachycephalic breed (flat-faced, snub nosed), the Exotic Longhair may suffer from a variety of health issues related to the unconventional structure of their face. Some have tear-duct and sinus issues, and due to their shortened jaw, may experience tooth misalignment or overcrowding. More seriously, they may suffer from a congenital condition known as Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome, in which abnormalities of the airway result in breathing difficulties, inflamed airways, and increased strain on the heart.
The Exotic Longhair may also be somewhat more prone to calcium oxalate crystal formation in the bladder and kidneys. They are also one of the breeds that should be screened for Polycystic Kidney Disease, an inherited disorder.
Behavior / temperament:
The Exotic Longhair is a cat of exceeding gentleness and one of the most demonstrably affectionate breeds. They live for love, and if you make them your world, they’ll make you theirs. They are a devout lap cat, quiet and calm. Though they love to play, this is a docile breed that is unlikely to tear your house apart. They don’t need elaborate games to keep themselves occupied: a simple paper ball or dangling string will do just fine.
They make an ideal companion for those living in a small space, or an elderly person in search of a peaceful and loving friend. They are very in-tune with human emotions, and seem to know when you need quiet companionship, or more overt nuzzles and nudges. Despite their affectionate nature, they’re not a demanding cat. They much prefer company and don’t do well if left alone for long periods of time, but they don’t mind being a quiet observer of your daily activities. The Exotic Longhair is a sweet, steady, and a dependable friend.
easy going nature, wonderful laidback temperament
The Baby Mu!
I was never a cat person. When I hit my limit of 4 dogs, I wanted to find an awesome cat to join our crew. It was between a Persian or Sphinx. So super hairy or completely bald! A very well known breeder used the kennel where I worked for years and she was looking to get out of the breeding and move more into judging and had one last litter. This kitten, this BAD kitten, was the baddest in his litter. He learned to escape from the enclosure at 5 weeks old while his littermates were still clinging to mom. He wanted no parts of being with her or them. He kept getting lost in the house! As he was advanced at 6 weeks old, the breeder allowed him to come home with me. In retrospect this wasn't the best idea as he latched on to my dogs and has since become a cat-dog! He would walk on a leash and harness. He would travel in the car with us. He would follow the dogs to the front door whenever anyone came in and "mew", obviously because he couldn't bark! He loves to cuddle with them even now and the fact that he uses a litterbox is the only cat-like thing about him. The grooming on him is awful. I honestly don't know what I was thinking. He hates being brushed or combed, even though I've been doing it from day one with him. I keep him clipped down as much as possible just because he matts up so easily. His eyes are always a gooey mess and it looks like he cries blood. He abhors having his face cleaned and we now have to get creative on tricking him to allow us to clean him. He is almost 20 pounds, his father was immense. His mother was a tiny little thing, but Muki definitely takes after dad. He looks like a Persian and would show under the Persian category, but he is actually an Exotic Longhair. Even though he has the smooshed face, he doesn't have the wheezing that a pug faced animal can have. His nostrils are a decent size, thankfully. That is what a good breeder makes sure of! He is a typical cat in that you get about 3 seconds to love him and then he bites you. HARD. Which stinks because he is so cute! I love him to death, even if he tries my patience with his grooming requirements and his anger issues sometimes. But as far as cats go, he really is a great cat and has a typical cat personality. If you can get around the grooming, Exotics/Persians are a great choice! .
From Jennifer Traficante Oct 13 2016 8:20PM
Great diet to prevent and treat bladder stones
I highly recommend Hill's Prescription Diet c/d wet food for treatment and prevention of bladder stones. Bladder stones in cats are predominantly composed of either struvite or oxalate minerals. They can be very irritating and lead to pain while urinating, obstruction, blood in the urine, and infection. The c/d diet is formulated to alter the bladder environment to make it unfavorable for stone formation. C/d also comes as a dry kibble. The wet version is recommended because the extra moisture helps to dilute the urine, which reduces inflammation and pain. Oxalate stones always require surgical removal. After surgery, Hill's c/d diet can be used to prevent recurrence. Struvite stones may also be surgically removed, but can also be dissolved without surgery if the cat is placed on a strict c/d diet. Once the stone is dissolved, the c/d diet should be continued to prevent recurrence. The c/d diet is very safe. If you have multiple cats, it is usually okay for all cats to eat this diet. It is only available with a prescription from a vet and is somewhat expensive. In the end it will save money by greatly reducing the chance of bladder stone recurrence. .
From M Teiber DVM 54 days ago