King Pigeon

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Is the King Pigeon right for you?

Species group:

Other common names: N/A

Scientific name: Columba livia domestica

The basics:
One of the most popular pigeon varieties, the King Pigeon was created in the U.S. in the late 1880s as a dual purpose breed that can provide food or an elegant show bird. While the original birds were pure white, the fancier can choose from an assortment of colors today.

The King Pigeon is a large, stout bird with a short beak and well rounded chest. With a thick body, short tail, and long legs, these birds appear to be standing at attention. Utility King Pigeons stand with a normal pigeon posture. Show King Pigeons have a more compact posture with an upward pointing tail. Several colors and patterns are available including white, pearl, brown, red, and several barred patterns.

850 - 1050 grams (30 - 37 oz.)

Average size:
29 - 30 centimeters (11.5 in.)

7 - 10 years

Behavior / temperament:
A placid and laid-back bird, King Pigeons put few demands on their owners. They like to be social with humans and other pigeons.

Healthy pigeons acclimate easily to most any weather conditions. Most pigeon fanciers keep their pigeons in a large outdoor aviary called a loft although King Pigeons also enjoy living as a household pet. There should be a minimum of 4 square feet of floor space for every 2 birds. An aviary 4 feet in width and 6 feet in length can house a maximum of 12 birds. Overcrowding can result in disease outbreaks and fighting. Ease of cleaning, providing enough space, protection from predators, and giving the choice to be protected from the elements are key elements to designing a healthy outdoor habitat. If you are not planning on breeding or are not prepared for the added responsibility of more birds then separate the sexes otherwise they will breed. Aviaries and cages must be cleaned daily to maintain a healthy environment for both the birds and owners. In addition all hard surfaces and housing should be disinfected monthly using proper disinfection procedures. This is done by first by scrubbing with a soap and water, then rinse thoroughly, and lastly applying a disinfectant such as bleach per the label instructions.

Pet pigeons need a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutritious seeds, produce, and some pellets. Providing healthy foods for your pigeon helps to maintain their feather condition and helps to ensure a long and healthy life. A bird on an all seed diet with limited choices will become fat and more easily susceptible to disease. To start, the majority of their diet should be seeds such as grains, hemp, flax, grass, oat, and thistle. Beans are an excellent source of plant proteins. Greens such as kale and dandelion should be offered daily. Formulated pellets help to supplement any nutrients missing in their diet. Wild pigeons regularly eat ants, slugs, and snails and pet pigeons will readily eat these as well. Wild bird seed mixes should never be fed as these are low in nutrients. Fresh, clean water and food should be available at all times.

Written by Dyfed Lloyd Evans


rewarding, White King Pigeon


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King Pigeon Health Tip

King Pigeon

From DLlE Sep 4 2012 9:15AM


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