Species group: Starlings and Mynahs
Other common names: Bali Myna; Rothschild’s Mynah; Bali Starling; alak Bali
Scientific name: Leucopsar rothschildi
The critically endangered Bali Mynah has been on the brink of extinction for decades due to poaching for the pet trade. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), the wild population may have plummeted to a low of six birds in the wild in 2001. As a result, we don't recommend this species to anyone except well-qualified experts who are involved in efforts to captive-breed the Bali Starling.
The beautiful Bali Mynah is endemic to the island of Bali, Indonesia, where the last remnants of the wild population survive only in West Bali National Park. The wild species was wiped out, or nearly so, by over-collecting and illegal poaching. At the current time, the Bali Starling probably only survives in the wild as a result of re-introduced captive-bred birds, so its recovery is very fragile. A second population on Nusa Penida Island is also becoming established from captive-bred individuals. Eight pairs were also released at the Green School site on mainland Bali in November 2012.
The Bali Starling is one of the most recognizable starlings or mynahs in the world – a stocky snow-white bird with a drooping crest and bright blue skin around the eyes.
85 - 100 grams (3 - 3.5 oz.)
25 centimeters (9.8 in.)
10 - 15 years
Behavior / temperament:
Their bold and confiding personality, combined with their beauty, has worked against the Bali Mynah by making them tempting to the illegal pet trade. Some individuals are somewhat prone to feather-plucking.
Anyone keeping these birds should be working with other aviculturists and members of the SSP to make sure they receive proper housing. According to Riverbanks, a breeding aviary for a single pair must be a minimum of 4 by 7 by 15 feet. Like many other starlings, they are bold nest robbers and can't be kept with other birds unless the enclosure is extremely large. Even then, you'd want to be on the lookout for potential conflicts.
Very detailed information on keeping and breeding Bali Mynahs is being maintained by Riverbanks Zoo and Garden in Columbia, South Carolina. They're currently hosting extensive information about the best care of the Bali Starlings under their Species Survival Plan (SSP). The short version is that, like other mynahs, Bali Starlings eat both fruit and insects. In captivity, they are susceptible to iron storage disease. Therefore, the recommended diet includes fruits low in ascorbic acid, low iron softbill pellets, and moderate amounts of live food. The quantity of live food is increased during breeding season to stimulate pairs to go to nest.
Written by Elaine Radford
distinctly exotic look
heated aviary, unfamiliar people
Bali Island, Bali Mynah Association
Mina in Bali
Mina came into my care during one of my three month stays at my family's holiday house in Bali. Since this species of bird is specific to that region, it is the only time I have truly cared for this breed of bird. What attracted me initially was how beautiful they are, they have a distinctly exotic look about them. She was fine around me, but when introduced to others would show serious signs of dismay, which lead to keeping her to my room only as she was recovering from a broken leg, our initial reason for taking her in. Despite this, she ate well and remained relatively calm, eventually going on to make a full recovery, to my joy. A very special breed of bird, indeed. Unfortunately, the photograph here is a stock photo because I never did find the hard drive containing many photos of her recovery. If I do ever come across them again, I'll be sure to add them..
From lilbunni Jan 5 2015 9:29AM
Captive Breeding for Conservation!
I worked at the Bali Mynah Association in helping these birds. These birds are endemic to Bali Island of Indonesia and unfortunately endangered. Even so, successful breeding in captivity has helped the numbers of these birds to increase! There are around 60 birds in the wild and more than 1000 in captivity. The government has allowed Bali Mynahs to be kept as pets to help the captive breeding of these animals before its offspring can be sent off back to Bali to take gradual steps into releasing them in the wild. If they could be kept as pets there would be more breeders to help the conservation efforts of these animals!
They are friendly - but can be a little nervous when seeing unfamiliar people. Their songs are beautiful to hear! Bali Mynahs aren't very hard to keep and they're almost as easy to keep as common hill mynahs. They are kept in an outdoor, heated aviary with adequate space for them to jump around. The enclosure, however they should be kept in a an aviary that mimics their natural habitat for conservation purposes such as giving them uncut and unpeeled fruit, dripping water onto leaves so the birds become accustomed to drinking it, and by placing watery foods and trees..
From nanedesu Sep 29 2013 3:30PM