Other common names: Golfodulcean Poison-arrow Frog; Golfo Dulce Poison-Dart Frog
Scientific name: Phyllobates vittatus
The Golfodulcean Poison Frog is a poison dart frog which is native to rain forests in Costa Rica. They are a shy, diurnal and terrestrial species, and live in leaf litter and feed on small insects.
Interestingly, the Golfodulcean Poison Frog (and other poison dart frogs) lose the neurotoxicity in their skin when in captivity. This is because the toxins are created by their diet of specific insects (such as beetles) and invertebrates found only in the wild. However, because their skin is so fragile, these frogs are not suitable for handling.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) lists the Golfodulcean Poison Frog as "Endangered". The IUCN states, "This species is threatened by forest clearance for agricultural land and tree plantations. Water pollution caused by contamination from gold mining activities is also a threat, as is potential over-collection of adults for the pet trade."
Appearance / health:
The Golfodulcean Poison Frog is one of the larger Dendrobatidae frogs, reaching around 1.5 inches (3.5 cm) in size, with females being larger than males. The back and head of the Golfodulcean Poison Frog are black, and a gold or orange stripe extends from the eyes down the back.
A pair of Golfodulcean Poison Frogs can live comfortably in a 15-20 gallon tank. The utilize a lot of floor space so smaller tanks are not recommended. These frogs are aggressive so if housing more than a pair, tank size should increase as well as hiding areas.
These frogs need a daytime temperature of 75-80F with nighttime temperatures dropping safely to the low 70s. Humidity should be high and should stay within 80-100%. These frogs do best with a tank set up with a false bottom (see the forum topic of “Building a False Bottom Tank”). Homemade of store bought misting systems are recommended since these frogs need to be misted regularly (thus the need for a false bottom). Live or fake plants can be used, but remember if using live plants the use of a UVB light will be needed. Some ideas for live plants: Bromeliads, Ferns, Mosses, Begonia, Orchids, Creeping Fig, Pothos, and various others. Hiding areas should be provided in many areas throughout the tank, especially if you have a group larger than 2 frogs. The most commonly used hide for poison frogs are coco huts which can be found in nearly any pet store. Of course, other hides may be used. A very shallow water dish (a jar lid or petri dish) can be used for the frogs to soak themselves. Spot clean as needed. Any water used in the tank should be dechlorinated or left out for 24 hours prior to use.
Adult frogs are only able to take small foods. Flightless fruit flies (Drosophila hydei) and 2 week old crickets are suitable for adults. Froglets and juveniles will need flightless fruit flies (Drospphila melanogaster) and pinhead crickets. Adults and juveniles also can eat springtails. Tadpoles must be offered spirulina, chlorella, flaked fish food, daphnia, and bloodworms (in the wild, the female frog would produce unfertilized eggs for the tadpole to eat).
beautiful frogs, great starting frog
noisy little frogs, quality multivitamincalcium supplement
These noisy little frogs are endemic to Costa Rica, living near streams and lowland forests. They are quite quick and when males are calling for females it can be heard a couple rooms away. They are beautiful frogs in general and are relatively easy to keep. As with most dart frogs they should be fed primarily a diet of fruit flies dusted with a high quality multivitamin/calcium supplement. It is recommended to also try to acquire springtails, isopods, and other small invertebrates for a varied diet.
A terrestrial tank is preferred, roughly, a 10-20 gallon tank would be sufficient for a pair of these frogs, and if desired a water feature would provide a natural habitat for this frog. I've found these frogs while hiking streams in Corcovado National Park under large rocks on the edge of the stream.
Reverse osmosis water is my preference, although aged tap water or treated water can be used as well. Make sure to change the water often so that bacteria isn't able to build up in their water dishes. If using a water feature make sure to use some duckweed or java moss to help clean up the water and do a water change whenever the water starts to become discolored or smelly.
Breeding these frogs is quite easy. As with a lot of terrestrial dart frogs simply providing many petri dishes with coconut huts on top will provide areas for egg laying. Males will typically call from a spot he deems acceptable for egg laying and the female will generally follow him and stroke his back if she's receptive. Three to six eggs is an average clutch with up to 9-10 being quite rare.
Overall, this is a great starting frog when entering the dart frog hobby. They're beautiful frogs, are easy to keep, are quite active, and have a lovely call. Do be advised that of all dart frogs I've kept this one has the loudest call. I find it quite nice but others may not share my opinion..
From mattolsen Oct 9 2012 4:00PM