Pheromones are airborne chemical molecules that are secreted by insects and animals to communicate with their companions. Common pheromones include alarm and sex pheromones, and food trail pheromones.
Dog Appeasing Pheromones (DAPs) are available in dog collars and as essential oils, and mimic the pheromone nursing dogs release to comfort their puppies.
Dog Appeasing Pheromone products are available as sprays, essential oils which are used in plug-in diffusers, wipes and as DAP dog collars.
Studies on the effectiveness of Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) collars have produced mixed results.
A 2010 study "suggest that the use of DAP could decrease separation-induced anxiety, distress, and fear in inpatients, and possibly facilitate recovery in hospitalized dogs."
A 2015 study on the use of DAP collars in shelter environments did not found them to be effective.
A study to see if DAP collars helped Beagles who suffer from noise-induced fear, also found that "both global and active fear and anxiety scores were significantly improved during and following thunder compared with placebo."
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