L-taurine (taurine) is an amino acid found throughout the body, but mainly in central nervous system and muscle. The body normally makes all the Taurine that it needs, except under certain conditions such as strict vegetarian diets or disease or injury, when the body may not be able to synthesize enough Taurine to meet demands.
L-taurine supplements are available as capsules and in bulk powder.
In the diet, Taurine is found mostly in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy, and fish. Taurine is thought to help regulate heartbeat and muscle contractions, water balance and energy levels. Taurine also appears to be an important component in the production of bile, which is needed for the digestion of fats, the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, and the support of healthy cholesterol levels.
Taurine may also help to regulate brain neurotransmitters, with some studies suggesting that it may be helpful in treating epilepsy and other excitable brain states.